Watching videos can be anything from mindless blobbing-out, through disengaged and engaged passivity, to active learning. In order to facilitate students moving beyond mild entertainment, interacting with the video, while watching, is key. And that’s where Enhanced Video Annotation (EVA) comes in, writes Gretchen Badenhorst.
The difficulty of developing questions and tasks to support critical literacy in digital contexts, prompted me to make Critical Questioning the focus of my doctoral thesis. Professional Learning and Development (PLD) is pivotal in growing teachers’ capacity to leverage critical competencies through the creation of online learning activities. To support PLD on the EVA platform, I am developing a resource base of question- and task-exemplars, that encourage deeper levels of critical and creative thinking; and creating a community, sharing EVAs, with a focus on supporting teachers’ creation of resources to enhance their students’ critical literacy, as they develop their content knowledge.
Developing critical literacy
With EVA, teachers can create the types of questions and tasks that support the development of critical literacy in digital contexts. The 17 EVA tools, available on the ETV platform, allow teachers to:
- provide additional information and instructions labels, textboxes, tables, pictures and hyperlinks;
- support easy navigation through bookmarks, hotspots and crossroads; and
- insert a range of task-types, allowing for immediate feedback to students, but also the aggregation of responses for learning and assessment purposes.
The tools in EVA allow educators to provide this interactive interface, embedded into their course materials for anytime, anywhere learning. It allows for easy differentiation, because EVAs can be shared with other creators – who can then edit their instance to suit their own context.
Beyond surface learning
Meaningful deep learning in an online environment is difficult to achieve. This relates, at least in part, to needing to provide instant feedback, especially in blended and hybrid environments, where the aim is to achieve learner autonomy. The problem is that in these tasks, input needs to match the predetermined correct answer(s) exactly to satisfy algorithms. Consequently, fact-based answers are prevalent in many of the customisable activity and game creation platforms (Quizlet, Kahoot, Google Forms, etc.).
For students to develop critical literacy, however, they need to go beyond asking and answering questions that produce discreet factual (‘Googleable’) answers associated with surface learning. They need to evaluate sources of information and select or create and test solutions in a variety of contexts. The question types in EVA allow plenty of scope for doing this, including:
- single and multiple-choice questions.
- combining discreet answer question-types with open-ended questions, to allow students to explain their reasoning;
- the inclusion of distractors in gap-fill questions, requiring a choice between possible answers
- the ability to provide detailed differentiated feedback for incorrect, partially correct and correct answers/selections; and
- hyperlink to curated resources and interactive spaces.
Interactive Video Lessons (IVLs), using EVA, dovetail nicely with hybrid approaches like flipped classroom. IVLs can be a great starting point for discussion and exploration of ideas. EVAs embed into any LMS or website, can be shared with other users of ETV, and remixed.
Surveying and brainstorming
It’s possible to track students’ responses, anonymously or not. This allows for surveying and emotionally-safe brainstorming, as well as formative and summative assessment. For example, by using open questions and engaging students in critical discussion of anonymous responses, it’s possible to teach them how to engage with the views of others in a respectful and constructive way. This in turn scaffolds their development of critical digital literacy, with a view to developing fluency and becoming responsible digital citizens.
GRETCHEN BADENHORST IS ETV’S MANAGER OF EDUCATIONAL SERVICES. FOR MORE ABOUT EVA CONTACT HER AT GRETCHEN.BADENHORST@ETV.ORG.NZ OR GO TO ETV.ORG.NZ
ETV SUBSCRIBERS RECEIVE EVA BASIC, INCLUDING SEVEN ANNOTATION AND NAVIGATION TOOLS. IF YOU WANT THE FULL INTERACTIVE EXPERIENCE, EVA PRO IS YOURS FOR AN INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIPTION OF $90 PER YEAR.